About 4C's

About 4c'S

• About carat

The first factor of the 4C's that most people learn about is carat - the weight of the diamond, which is also the best indication of a diamond's size.

Let's take a look at carat in detail, to understand how it affects the price.

A carat is the standard unit of weight for diamonds. One carat equals 1/5 of a gram, or .007 of an ounce. In other words... there are 5 carats in 1 gram and 142 carats in 1 ounce.

You also may have heard about "points". This does not refer to the number facets on a diamond, but rather to its weight. Just like one pound is divided into 16 ounces, one carat is divided into 100 points -- so each point is 1/100th of a carat. A "10-point" diamond weighs 1/10th of a carat, and a 50-point stone weighs one-half carat.


How it affects the price?

Carat weight has a great deal of influence on the price of a diamond. All other factors being equal, as weight increases, rarity and value of a diamond will also increase. For instance, one diamond weighing 2 carats will always cost much more than two diamonds of the same quality weighing 1 carat each. 1 carat diamond will cost much more than 100 diamonds of 1 cent or point each.

So, if size is an important factor for you or the person you are buying for, less emphasis can be placed on the other C's to choose a larger diamond.





• About Clarity

Clarity is one of the important factors in diamond pricing, along with color. While the color does affect a diamond's appearance, obvious inclusions (often called "flaws") may distract the recipient's eye from a stone's overall beauty.
Let's take a look at clarity in detail to understand how it affects the price.
Clarity greatly varies from one diamond to another, and no two are exactly alike. Diamonds are graded and identified uniquely according to the type and number of inclusions present in them.
The following chart gives an idea how each grade might look under a 10x loupe microscope:



FL

Flawless
No internal or external inclusions of any kind visible under 10x magnification to a trained eye, the most rare and expensive of all clarity grades.


IF

Internally Flawless
No internal inclusions visible under 10x magnification to a trained eye, but there may be some tiny external irregularities in the finish.


VVS-1

Very Very Slightly Included 1
Usually just one tiny inclusion visible only to a trained eye under 10x magnification.


VVS-2

Very Very Slightly Included 2
Tiny inclusions visible only to a trained eye under 10x magnification.


VS-1

Very Slightly Included 1
Very small inclusions visible with 10x magnification.


VS-2

p> Very Slightly Included 2
Several very small inclusions visible with 10x magnification.


SI-1

Slightly Included 1
Small inclusions visible with 10x magnification.


SI-2

Slightly Included 2
Several small inclusions visible with 10x magnification.


SI-3

Slightly Included 3
Inclusions that may be visible to the naked eye for a trained observer.


I-1

Included 1
Flaws that is visible to the naked eye.


I-2

Included 2
Many flaws clearly visible to the naked eye that also decrease the brilliance.


I-3

Included 3
Many flaws clearly visible to the naked eye which decrease the brilliance and compromise the structure of the diamond, making it more easily cracked or chipped


How it affects the price?

All other factors being equal, as the grading decreases the price decreases exponentially. This is because diamonds with greater quality (correspondingly with lesser inclusions) are that much rarer. Along with the type and number of inclusions, their position also makes an impact on the value and brilliance of a diamond. Inclusions at the edges of a diamond can be hidden by the setting selected. However, inclusions in the middle of a diamond may significantly affect it's radiance and beauty and so it's value.


About Impurities


EYE CLEAN

This is one feature which matters while the diamond clarity lower from VS2-SI1-SI2-I1-I2 etc. An eye clean diamond ensures that the inclusions in the diamond are not visible by the naked eye from a certain distance. It has nothing to do with the brilliance of the diamond. A diamond can be eye clean but still have less luster or brilliance and a diamond can have excellent luster still being not eye clean. How it does affect the price: it does not make big difference on price but 100% eye clean looks better than 50% eye clean


BROWNNESS

Diamonds from D-J color come under the category of colorless to nearly colorless diamonds. The shade of the color in diamond is yellow. Brownness means the diamond has a tint of brown shade in it. Even if the color of the diamond is D (The best color known till now) it can have a brown tint. It affects if the diamond is of high colors from D-I colors. Below J color the brown tint doesn't much affect the color. How it does affect the price: brown tinge/tint stone is bit cheaper than normal yellow tinge stone.


BLACK

Inclusions are of many types on a diamond like cloud, crystal, feather, needle, cavity, knot, etc. The crystals of inclusions can be white and black. Many customers do not prefer a black inclusion on a diamond for their own reason. On Kreeli you will be able to know whether the inclusion if black in color or not.
How it does affect the price: it does not make big difference on price as per the grading point of view in fact in some cases diamond with black inclusion having more brilliance, its customer own perception someone buys, someone avoid black.


MILKY

Milkiness is a factor that directly affects the luster of the diamond. It makes the diamond look hazy. The extra clouds in the diamond make the diamond look milky as well.
No certificate labs give the plot of BROWNNESS or MILKINESS.
How it does affect the price: Milky stone is cheaper than normal luster stone. Again it depends how intense of milkiness in the stone. <
KREELI is a place where these extra details are open to its valued customers, who deserve the right to know what they are buying,. We have setup quality control with transparency to offer you fair prices in each piece of jewellery and diamond.


• About Color

Color in the diamond trade usually refers to the amount of yellow in a stone, but can also indicate brown or gray and sometimes all three. The most treasured diamond color is actually the "colorless" grade -- one without any color at all.

Let's take a look to cover color in detail to understand how it affects the price.

Colorless diamonds are the most desirable since they allow the most refraction of light (sparkle). The light that enters a diamond is split into the rainbow spectrum of colors, which are reflected throughout the gem. These colorful splashes are collectively called fire. Entirely colorless diamonds will exhibit fire in all the colors of the rainbow. The more color a diamond has, the lesser colors there will be in the fire which itself will be slightly dimmed. Off white diamonds absorb light, inhibiting brilliance.

Diamonds are also found in a variety of other colors such as blue, green, yellow, orange, pink or, rarest of all red. Diamonds with distinct tints other than those of the normal color range are classified as fancy colors. All such colored diamonds are very rare and valued.

Diamonds are graded on a color scale, which ranges from D (colorless) to Z.


D

Absolutely colorless
The highest color grade, which is extremely rare.


E

Colorless
Only minute traces of color can be detected by an expert gemologist. A rare diamond.


F

Colorless
Slight color detected by an expert gemologist, but still considered a "colorless" grade. A high-quality diamond.


G-H

Near-colorless
Color noticeable when compared to diamonds of better grades, but these grades offer excellent value.


I-J

Near-colorless
Color slightly detectable. An excellent value.


K-M

Faintly tinted
Usually yellow. Tint can be seen with the naked eye.


N-R

Tinted
Usually yellow, may progress to brownish. Tint visible to the naked eye, even when mounted.


S-Z

Tinted
Usually yellow, may progress to brownish. Tint visible to the naked eye, even when mounted.


How it affects the price?

More colorless the diamond, higher the value it gets despite having other similar properties. The color results from the presence of certain elements in the surroundings of the diamond crystal during its formation stages. The formation process of a diamond ensures that only a few, rare diamonds are truly colorless. Fancy color diamonds do not follow this rule. These diamonds, which are very rare and very expensive, can be of any color including red, blue, and green, unlike white diamonds, the more intense the color, the more valuable the stone.


• About Cut

Many people confuse cut with the shape of a diamond. The shape you select is a matter of individual taste, and today your choice is only limited by the skill and imagination of the craftsman.
Let's take a look to cover cut in detail to understand how it affects the price.
The cut is the most critical component of the 4C's, since the value of two diamonds with exactly the same carat weight could vary by up to 50% depending on the quality of cut. Just as fine cloth needs an expert tailor to create a quality garment, the diamond cutter controls the fire and brilliance of a diamond.
Cut of a diamond refers to how well a stone is cut and faceted to bring out the full beauty of the rough crystal. Good proportions, symmetry and polish affect the beauty of a diamond much more than perfect color or clarity.
The cutting grade is determined by the diamond cutter's effort to maximize the refraction of light during every stage of the fashioning process. Most brilliant-cut or fancy-shaped diamonds possess fifty-eight carefully angled flat surfaces, called facets, whose placement will affect the fire, brilliance and ultimate beauty of your diamond.
Proportion is the single most important factor, because it determines the flow of light more than other quality factors. Proportions that are too deep or too shallow both allow light to leak out the bottom and lessen the amount of light that strikes your eye.

Because cut is so important, several grading methods have been developed to help consumers determine the cut of a particular diamond. In general, these grades are: Ideal, Premium, Very Good, Good, Fair & Poor Selecting the grade of cut is really a matter of preference. To make the best selection, you need to understand the various grades. Please note that the descriptions below are general guidelines.


Excellent Cut

This cut is intended to maximize brilliance. Excellent cut diamonds generally have smaller tables, complemented by a great deal of light dispersion, or fire. GIA's Excellent stones, as well as AGS 000 stones fall into this category. This category applies only to round diamonds and most valued.


Very Good

These diamonds reflect most of the light that enters, creating a good deal of brilliance. With these diamonds, the cutters have chosen to stray slightly from the preferred diamond proportions in order to create a larger diamond.


Good

Diamonds that reflect the light that enters them come under the good category. Such stones result from the cutter's choice to create the largest possible diamond from the original rough crystal, rather than cutting extra weight off to create a smaller Premium quality diamond. Diamonds in this range offer an excellent cost-saving to customers who want to stay in a budget without sacrificing quality or beauty.


Fair & Poor

A diamond graded as fair or poor reflects only a small proportion of the light that enters it. Often these stones are bought and re-cut into Ideal or Premium cuts, such that a more brilliant stone is produced by sacrificing some weight.


How it affects the price ?

With all the attention given to the 4C's of diamond grading and evaluation (cut, color, clarity and carat weight), the cut is actually the single greatest factor in the beauty. Color, shape, clarity and carat weight determine the rarity and value of a diamond, but the cut determines its beauty. Without any cutting, bruiting, faceting or polishing, a rough diamond might very well go unnoticed in a pile of rocks. It is the diamond's unique combination of durability, rarity and potential beauty that makes it so valuable.


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